Nigel Dower is Honorary Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland where he taught for most of the period 1967-2004 and he is a visiting professor at institutions in America and Iceland.  He was President of the International Development Ethics Association from 2002 to 2006 and he now acts as an academic consultant on ‘Cosmopolitan agendas – exploring ethics in a globalized world’. His research interests in the last twenty years have focussed on various issues in global ethics, including development, the environment, human rights, peace & security, and global citizenship. His publications include World Ethics – the New Agenda (1998), Introduction to Global Citizenship (2003) and The Ethics of War and Peace (2009). In 2007 he received an Honorary Doctorate (TD) from the University of Uppsala for his work on global ethics and related issues.